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Author's  preface  to  the  scientific  article.
Open refutation of the nuclear structure of the atom model, which is based on the new laws of planets and galaxies of our universe, which are taken from the description of the application for invention 2005129781 from 28 September 2005year and in a popular form set out in «Журнале научных и прикладных исследований» № 09 2016 year. Certificate of state registration of PI № ФС 77-38591 ISSN 2306-9147.

UDC 53.02

Refutation  of  the  nuclear  model  of  atomic  structure.

Abstract. The article is devoted to the refutation of the nuclear model of atomic structure, since not all atoms contain atomic nucleus. It is believed that the atomic nucleus, which is positively charged determines the chemical element to which the atom. In the central part of the various atoms is concentrated the bulk of it, and between the protons and neutrons that make up the nucleus, nuclear forces are a special attraction that exceed repulsive forces. However intranuclear forces of attraction are only negligibly small distances. With the increase in the distance between the particles that make up the atomic nucleus, nuclear forces of attraction decrease very rapidly. This natural phenomenon, consider on the planetary model of atomic structure. After the opening of the new law of gravity of the material body is in space, the solar system to the central star, the Sun, and the new law of gravity between the two material bodies are in the space of the solar system to the central star, the sun can prove the mechanism of interaction of all the planets of the solar system with the sun. These laws can be used to prove the interaction of the electrons of an atom of any material bodies between themselves and the nucleus. These arguments are confirmed by the new energy law between two material bodies located in the space of the solar system and the new energy law, a material body, located in the space of the solar system, to the central star, the sun. According to the new laws of electrical phenomena, which are based on feedback the speed of light constant, it is easy to prove the difference between an atom of a conductor or semiconductor dielectric atom magnet atom from atom, diamagnetic, paramagnetic material and a ferromagnet. The new law physical activity of the body is in space makes it possible to thoroughly understand the mechanism of formation without the atomic nucleus of an atom.

The atomic nucleus, according to the conventional model (Ivanenko, Heisenberg), composed of protons and neutrons. These particles are considered as two different states of the elementary nuclear particle called the nucleon. The unusually high density of nuclear matter shows an extremely large forces, which hold the nucleons in the nucleus, which are called nuclear forces. Nuclear power can be compared to the gravitational forces and energies which are present in the structure of the solar system, our galaxy. It raises serious doubts in the purpose and existence of the atom in any of the material core of the body, as the electrons themselves can form an atom without a nucleus in it.

To rebut the nuclear structure of the atom model will use a model of the planetary structure of the atom and the atomic nucleus. From a variety of conflicting hypotheses of atomic structure necessary to allocate only planetary model of atomic structure, which is amenable to logical understanding, and it is possible to prove the newly discovered laws of physics. The planetary model of atomic structure was proposed by Ernest Rutherford, who in the June issue of 1911 magazine «Philosophical Magazine» published a paper on the dispersal of α- and β- particles of matter and the structure of the atom. In the scientific article Rutherford first to introduce such a concept as "nucleus" and the "planetary model of atomic structure." The disadvantage of the planetary model of atomic structure was impossible to explain the stability of atoms of this hypothesis. After the discovery of new laws of our universe formation of planets and galaxies, this assumption scientific easily confirm new arguments. To illustrate based on the planetary model of the solar system and the interaction of the planets of the solar system with the sun, under the new law the formation of planets and galaxies of our universe.

It is necessary to pay special attention to the fact that all the planets of the solar system have different densities, different volume, different activities, different force of gravity, a different energy, a different gravitational acceleration of bodies in space and different distances from the surface of each planet from the Sun's surface. The structure of the atom, there are the same conditions under which the electrons have different gravity and energy. different weight, different volumes, different activities and different distances from the surface of each electron from the surface of the nucleus of an atom.

It should be emphasized that, with the first row of any material containing two electron atom, such atom can exist without a core, as these electrons will have a similar between the action of gravity as the core to a neutral atom. You need to know that the difference between the planetary model of the structure of the solar system by the planetary model of atomic structure is that the electrons in an atom are not moving around the nucleus, and statically linked to it by gravitational forces and energy. Electrons, which have different masses, different volumes and varying degrees of activity with the help of the forces of gravity and energy can themselves form the atom without a nucleus in it.

Speaking of the nucleus of an atom. According to the new laws of gravity and energy you can figure out how to form nuclear forces. Of the new laws, it is clear that the smaller the gravitational force inside the nucleus of an atom, the greater its energy, and vice versa the more will be the gravitational force of protons and neutrons inside the nucleus of an atom, the less his energy.

On the basis of the planetary model of atomic structure on the example of planets of the solar system, the new law of gravity of the material body is in space, the solar system to the central star, the sun, you can determine the gravitational force of the planets of the solar system to the Sun, which can be formulated as follows:

The gravitational force of the material body is in space, the solar system to the central star, the Sun is equal to the product of the mass of the measured material body to the module of acceleration of gravity measured by the material body , measured by the diameter of the material body, and inversely proportional to the distance from the surface of the Sun to the surface of the measured material body.

where:

F тсо - the force of gravity of the material body is in space, the solar system to the central star, the Sun, N

Lс - distance from the surface to the central Sun Star body surface of the measured material, m

g и - unit of gravitational acceleration of bodies in space measured material body is in space, the solar system, m/s²

D и - weight measured by the material body, kg.

m и - weight measured by the material body, kg.

For example, the law of gravity of the material body is in space, the solar system to the central star, the Sun define the active force of gravity of the planet Earth has a gravitational acceleration of bodies in space, the central star of the Sun at an average distance from Earth to the sun.

where:

F тсо - active force of gravity of the planet Earth to the central star, the Sun, N

Lс – the average distance from the surface of the central star to the Sun's surface active planet Earth = 149500000000 m

g и - unit of gravitational acceleration of bodies in space planet Earth active = 9,80665 m/s²

m и - the mass of the planet Earth = 5970000000000000000000000 kg

D и - the diameter of planet Earth = 12742000 m.

For example, according to the law of gravity of the material body is in space, the solar system to the central star, the Sun define passive gravitational force of the planet Earth , which has lost its activity and acceleration of free fall of bodies in space, the central star of the Sun at an average distance from Earth to the sun.

where:

F тсо - passive gravitational force of the planet Earth to the central star, the Sun, N

Lс - the distance from the surface of the central star to the Sun's surface passive planet Earth = 149500000000 m

g и - unit of gravitational acceleration of bodies in space passive planet Earth = 0,00 m/s²

m и - the mass of the planet Earth = 5970000000000000000000000 kg

D и - the diameter of planet Earth = 12742000 m.

Define how far approached passive Earth to the central star, the Sun, which has lost its activity and acceleration of free fall of bodies in space.

4989895088769230769230,769 N = 149500000000 m
508827692307692307692,307 N = Х m                    

Х = 15244757384,020027226422887215713 m

where:

F т - active force of gravity of the planet Earth to the Sun = 4989895088769230769230,769 N

F т - passive gravitational force of the planet Earth to the Sun = 508827692307692307692,307 N

Lс - the distance from the surface of the Sun to the surface of the planet Earth = 149500000000 m.

For example, according to the law of gravity of the material body is in space, the solar system to the central star, the Sun define passive gravitational force of the planet Earth, which has lost its activity and acceleration of free fall of bodies in space to the central star of the Sun varies according to the distance from the surface of the Earth to the Sun's surface.

where:

F тсо - passive gravitational force of the planet Earth to the central star, the Sun, N

Lс - the distance from the surface of the central star to the Sun's surface passive planet Earth = 15244757384 m

g и - unit of gravitational acceleration of bodies in space passive planet Earth = 0,00 m/s²

m и - the mass of the planet Earth = 5970000000000000000000000 kg

D и - the diameter of planet Earth = 12742000 m.

Define how many times the force of gravity decreased between active and passive planet Earth planet Earth , which has lost its activity and close to the Sun at a distance = 15244757384 m.

4989895088769230769230,769 N : 508827692307692307692,307 N = 9,8066500000000 repeatedly

where:

F т - active force of gravity of the planet Earth to the Sun = 4989895088769230769230,769 N

F т - passive gravitational force of the planet Earth to the Sun = 508827692307692307692,307 N.

From calculations produced became clear that the activity of the planet Earth decreased by the number equal to the number of acceleration of free fall of bodies in space.

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◄|| Refutation of the nuclear structure of the atom model ||►

линия

List  of  the  most  relevant  scientific  discoveries.

The constant of power one electron is open.

The constant of the reverse light speed is open.

The constant of the substance of outer space is discovered.

The constant of the number of electrons in one watt is discovered.

The acceleration of free fall of bodies in space is revealed to the Solar system.

Openly refuting the theory of the slow approach of the planet Earth to the Sun.

Openly refuting the law of universal gravitation and the gravitational constant.

The refutation of Galileo's experiments on the free fall of bodies in space is open.

Evidence of the existence of a planetary model of the structure of the atom is discovered.

The refutation of the fundamental law of conservation of energy in mechanics and hydrodynamics is open.

The mathematical proofs of the behavior of falling material bodies in the space of the earth's orbit are discovered.

линия

The cosmic space is a thermodynamic self-regulating energy system that, in the course of its work, creates not only the substance of outer space, which has its composition, its mass and density, but also the acceleration of the free fall of bodies in space around all the stars, galaxies and constellations of our universe. The substance of outer space and the acceleration of the free fall of bodies in space closely interacts with the forces of gravity and energy between active and passive material bodies. The field of the discovery of a new law defining the strength of the substance of outer space between the measured material body and the Sun, the discovery of a new law that determines the acceleration modulus free fall of bodies in the space of the solar system, the mechanism of rotation of the planets and galaxies of our Universe by elliptical orbit. The mechanism of the origin of the forces of the planets and galaxies of our Universe moving in an elliptical orbit occurs in the cosmic substance and depends on the degree of activity of material bodies, their density, volume, acceleration of free fall of bodies in space, gravitational forces and energy between active or passive material bodies. When the position of one material body in the space along the the relation to another material body will change not only the gravitational force of this material body, but also its energy. The new laws give us Possibility of deeper understanding of the mechanism of rotation of planets and galaxies of our Universe in elliptical orbit.

New  laws  of  gravitational  gravitation.

See the new law for accelerating the free fall of bodies in space.

See mathematical evidence for the behavior of falling bodies in space.

See the new law of gravitational attraction between two material bodies.

See the mechanism of formation of the gravitational forces of planet Earth.

See the new law of gravitation of one material body located in the space of the solar system.

See the new law of gravitation between two material bodies in the space of the solar system.

See the new law of the gravitational attraction of the Earth and its interaction with the falling body.

See the new law that defines the acceleration of the free fall of bodies in the space of the solar system.

The  basic  laws  that  create  the  movement  of  material  bodies  in  an  elliptical  orbit.

See the new law of activity of a material body in outer space.

See the new law for accelerating the free fall of bodies in space.

See the new law of energy of a single material body in the space of the solar system.

See the new law of accelerating the free fall of bodies in the space of the solar system.

See the new law of gravitation of one material body located in the space of the solar system.

See the new law of gravitation between two material bodies in the space of the solar system.

See the new law of energy between two material bodies located in the space of the solar system.

Comments  on  the  properties  of  gravitational  gravitation.

See the commentary on Belashov gravity devices.

See the commentary on Belashov's antigravity devices.

See the commentary on the laws of the formation of the planets of the solar system and the galaxies of our universe.

See the commentary on the mechanisms of formation of the planets of the solar system and galaxies of our universe.

линия

See the publication of scientific articles in journals.

See the comment about antigravity devices.

See the comment about gravitational devices.

See comment on unidentified flying objects «N L О».

See the commentary on the new theory of polyhedral dependence.

See the comment refuting the fundamental law of conservation of energy.

See the comment on the return rate constant of light, which is measured [s/m]

See the commentary on the evolutionary development of the planets of the solar system.

See commentary on the current layout of the mechanism of rotation of the planets of the solar system.

See the commentary on the laws of the formation of the planets of the solar system and galaxies of our universe.

See commentary on the mechanism of rotation of the moon satellite in an elliptical orbit around the planet Earth.

See the commentary on the mechanisms of formation of the planets of the solar system and galaxies of our universe.

линия

See the description of new laws and mechanisms for the formation of the planets of the solar system and galaxies of our universe in the description of the application for invention  № 2005129781 from 28 September 2005 year

линия

See the description of new laws and mechanisms for the formation of the planets of the solar system and galaxies of our universe in the description of the application for invention  № 2005140396 from 26 December 2005 year.

линия